Elbasan Ethnographic Museum, Recounting the Culture and Tradition of a Town

In the center of the city of Elbasan, very close to Bezrapski Plane tree, there is a 200-year old house, which in 1986 returned into an Ethnographic Museum. From the architectural conception; this dwelling resembles to the Berat and Shkodra houses with veranda (cardak).

The building consists of two floors, the first floor having a warehouse used to store farm products, as well as several museum facilities, a hall and chambers of wool and metal processing works. The second floor was used as a residence and consists of a large corridor, women’s and men’s rooms and a bridal room as well showing the medieval lifestyle. There is a wooden framed balcony.

The apartment was restored by the Institute of Cultural Monuments in 1983 – 1985, and in 1986 the home facilities were adapted to become an Ethnographic Museum.

The museum features a historic frame, craftsmanship, with about 80 artisan handicrafts, wardrobe, a typical Elbasan house. The craftsmanship made by different citizens of Elbasan is preserved in the museum, as well as a series of documents that talk about the history of the city of Elbasan. Men’s hanging costumes are found in the men’s room.

The bride’s room is an attractive place and is the most decorated room. Here you can find displayed the paja that is bride pricing, the bride’s contribution to help establish the new household.

The men’s and women’s costumes made by gifted Elbasani tailors were distinguished for a special Albanian style like a rich mosaic dress reflecting the features of the ethnographic province. The craftsmen were distinguished for the dresses, vests, baggy pants embroidering.

All these were made with costly pieces, decorated with knotted silver-plated ornaments, or gold. The working tools of these costumes were scissors, needles, boxes, old burning ember irons etc. The costumes of men and women were distinguished for their beauty and elegance, highly appreciated by foreigners. The giubba has been finely worked with expensive imported red velvet pieces used by the high aristocracy.

Works of metalworkers, artisans, wood workers, gunsmiths, wool processors, Mark Sabid’s tombstone, which confirms the location of the city of Elbasan are preserved in the Ethnographic Museum even. You can also find in the museum, the oldest archaeological document stone sculpted bas-relief, jewels with the figure of the Illyrian bride, as well as old wooden looms used for weaving carpets and rugs etc. The Ethnographic Museum of the City of Elbasan, which well-tells the  history of the city, is visited every year by hundreds of tourists.

/Klara Ruci/

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