The emigration of the qualified students and workers is being accompanied by a loss of human capital and this is having a negative impact on poor countries. Albania ranks among the top 10 countries with the highest hemorrhage of UNESCO-educated people.
The UNESCO Global Education Monitoring Report for 2019 paid particular attention to how immigration is affecting the education sector around the world. The study found that the emigration rate of educated people is over 20%, in about one third of the 174 countries. In Albania, 26% of people with disabilities had emigrated by 2010, UNESCO reports.
According to the study, Albania and Malta rank with the highest rate of emigration of educated persons. Donor’s grants for poorer countries, as well as Albania, may exacerbate this trend, as students tend not to return back to their homeland. UNESCO suggests that donor aid should focus on logistical and funding support to universities in poor countries.
A World Bank estimate found that about 18% of public spending on university education in sub-Saharan Africa went for scholarships abroad during the period 2003-2008.
According to OECD data, the emigration of educated Albanians in 2010 and 2011 increased by 223% compared to 2000 and 2001. This increase was higher than emigration for other parts of the population with secondary and low education.
A study by professors Ilir Gadeshi and Russell King on behalf of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) recently released, showed that Albania ranks among the top 15 countries for high immigration of educated and people with academic degrees.