A brief history of the Albanian Parliament in 1925 – 1928

For the first and last time in the history of the Republic of Albania, in the period 1925 – 1928 the Albanian Parliament consisted of two chambers: the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. The two-chamber system had a short parliamentary life and constituted the only experience in the parliamentary history of Albania.

The House of Representatives (lower house) consisted of 57 people elected by the people while the Senate (upper house) consisted of 18 senators, 2/3 of whom were elected by the people, and 1/3 by the President of the Republic.

How were the deputies elected?

Referring to the 1925 statute, the deputies were elected for a four-year term and the division became 1 deputy for 15,000 inhabitants. The criteria for being elected as MP had to be an Albanian citizen and over 30 years old.

One of the peculiarities of the statute was that “the MP represented not only the county where he was elected, but the nation as a whole”.

As regards financial treatment, the deputies were entitled to receive a financial reward of 5,000 Gold franc a year; an amount that could be changed from time to time by law.

The Chamber of Deputies met twice a year, in two regular quarterly sessions. The first session started on September 15 and ended on December 15 while the second session started on March 1 and closed on May 31 of each year.

During parliamentary sessions, MPs could not be arrested unless caught in the act of committing a crime. In case of a MP arrest, the judicial authorities had to notify the Chamber of Deputies within 24 hours through the Ministry of Justice.

How were the senators elected?

The Senate consisted of 18 people, 2/3 elected by the people and 1/3 by the head of the Republic. The President of the Senate was elected by the President of the Republic among 18 senators. The senators were elected for a six-year term. No one could be elected senator without reaching the age of 40 and without a high school diploma, without being a former minister or former MP, without being a distinguished senior civil and military official or without being a great trader and industrialist, distinguished for his activity in the economic field.

Senators were entitled to an annual award of 6,000 Gold francs, while the Senate chairman was entitled to a reward of 10,800 Gold francs. Their financial treatment could occasionally be changed by law.

How was the President elected?

The President of the Republic was elected by the joint meeting of the Senate of the Chamber of Deputies with a seven-year term, with an absolute majority of votes. If after two voting sessions the President was not elected by an absolute majority, then in the third ballot his election was by a relative majority. The president received a reward of 10,000 francs a month and this amount could be changed occasionally by law.

How were the ministers elected?

Anyone who met the conditions to be elected MP could be appointed minister. A minister could not be appointed, if had family connections for up to two or three generations with the President and the head of the Senate or other members of the cabinet.

Foreigners issued with neutralization certificate were not permitted to be appointed ministers. The ministers enjoyed parliamentary immunity.(scan)

/Klara Ruci/

 

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