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90th death anniversary of one of the most emblematic and representative figures of pure Albanian patriotism, Mihal Grameno

  • 2/6/2021 3:48 PM
90th death anniversary of one of the most emblematic and representative figures of pure Albanian patriotism, Mihal Grameno

The 5th of February marked the 90th death anniversary of one of the most emblematic and representative figures of pure Albanian patriotism, Mihal Grameno.

Mihal Grameno was born on the 13th of January 1871 in Korca. He was an Albanian nationalist, politician, writer, freedom fighter, and journalist. He was one of the four initial appointed delegates from Korça to the Albanian National Congress that proclaimed the Independence of Albania on 28 November 1912.
Mihal Grameno emigrated to Romania in 1885. It was in Bucharest that he got involved in the Albanian National Awakening where the movement soon collapsed due to financial reasons.
In 1907, he joined the newly formed Çerçiz Topulli's kachak band, an early guerrilla unit fighting against Turkish troops in Albania.They were considered the Apostles of Albanianism. The activity of the band consisted of only one battle in two years, when the 5 people band was surrounded by 150 Turkish units in Mashkullora. Four out of five escaped the encirclement. 
During the Young Turk Revolution (1908), Adjuntant Major Ahmed Niyazi Bey met with guerilla leaders Topulli and Grameno on July 23 in Resne (modern Resen) where he expressed his gratitude and viewed the declaration of the CUP constitution as advantageous for the Albanian nation.
In 1909 Grameno founded in Korça the Orthodox League (or Alliance) and served as editor of its periodical with the same name during 1909–1910. In 1910 the organization proclaimed the establishment of an independent Albanian church, and was unrecognized by the Ottoman Empire. Grameno was arrested in 1910 by Ottoman authorities for his work with the newspaper Bashkimi i Kombit.
Mihal Grameno was one of the four initial appointed delegates from Korça to the Albanian National Congress that proclaimed the Independence of Albania on 28 November 1912. 
After independence, Grameno served as the editor of the weekly Koha (Time), initially published in Korça and later in Jamestown, New York, where he lived from 1915 to 1919. He traveled back to Europe to represent Albania through the Albanian-American community at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 and in the following year he returned in Albania.
In the 1920s he carried out his journalistic and literary activities until he retired from public life due to ill-health. He died on February 5, 1931 in Korça.

/Klara Ruci/