The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies estimated that from 2010 to 2019, about 499 thousand people left Albania in emigration, in a recent report on net migration to the Western Balkans.
The experts obtained data from Eurostat for EU countries and from non-EU countries. The number of emigrants to Albania was calculated through the authorizations for residence permits issued for the first time by these countries.
56% of permits are granted for family reasons, 17.5% for work and the rest are reported for other reasons, or study.
Albania resulted in the highest number of emigrants compared to Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia, Macedonia and Kosovo.
As a fundamental factor, Vienna experts point to the high level of poverty, a phenomenon that explains the high emigration flows, especially in Albania and Kosovo.
Albania and Kosovo are the two countries with the lowest level per capita income in the region and with the highest levels of poverty according to the World Bank and consequently, have the highest emigration flows.
Another factor is diaspora networks, which provide information and resources that facilitate migration. The facilitation schemes that western countries like Germany have set up for labor absorption are another factor.
In Albania, unlike other countries in the region, there is emigration of all ages, but it is much more pronounced among the younger groups. Albania experiences net emigration for all age groups.