The Covid-19 pandemic has significantly increased mortality in the country, according to data released today by INSTAT.
In 2020, a total of 27,605 loss of life was recorded, with a significant increase of 25.8%. In total, 5,668 more people died in 2020, compared to the previous year. This is the record level of lives lost in the country, since 1990, when INSTAT published the data.
The figure reported by INSTAT is about 400 people lower than that stated by the Directorate of Civil Status, the first source of data, according to which deaths in 2020 was about 28 thousand people.
In relation to the five-year average 2015-2019, the increase in mortality is similar, by about 21%.
Unlike the first 6 months, where mortality in the country was slightly increased by 4% and had a behavior similar to the past years; the end of quarantine in May and the spread of the coronavirus from June increased the number of fatalities in the country.
The situation with the pandemic has been aggravated in the third quarter and especially in the last one. According to INSTAT, in the third quarter were registered about 1600 more deaths (from 1300 that was the previous reporting), with an increase of 32% compared to the same period a year earlier.
In the fourth quarter, the consequences of the pandemic have been fatal. A total of 9,397 deaths were recorded, with an increase of 73%, or almost 4 thousand lives lost more than October-December 2019.
Since 2009, on average in the country, life losses have fluctuated between 21-22 thousand per year, with peaks so far being reached in 2015 and 2017, coinciding with more severe flu periods. The first trimester has traditionally been with more loss of life, as cold weather lowers the immunity mostly of the elderly.
But 2020 has brought about a reversal of multi-year trends due to the impact the pandemic has had on increasing mortality in the country. This has happened all over the world, where comparisons with the average of the last five years have shown a high level of additional deaths, which is dedicated to the fatal consequences caused by Covid-19.
According to the districts, the highest increase was recorded in Tirana, but in relation to the population, the district with the record death was Gjirokastra. In all counties in the country there has been a significant increase in fatalities.