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Over 8% of the population 2011-2019 has changed residence within the country; Kukes, Dibra and Fier most affected

  • 11/21/2020 3:56 PM
Over 8% of the population 2011-2019  has changed residence within the country; Kukes, Dibra and Fier most affected
Kukes town

 8 percent of the Albania's population about 230 thousand people have changed residence within the country according to a survey of INSTAT.  The movement of population from one city to another has been strong over the last decade, the same goes for the trend of emigration abroad. The survey data even show that internal migration had a stronger intensity in the last decade than during the period 2001-2011 where no more than 200 thousand people had changed their place of residence within the country.

According to the survey, the population that changes residence within the country, but not within the prefecture, accounted for 61.6 percent of all internal migrants. The vast majority of people moving from Tirana (93.8%) remain in the same prefecture. This specific “inflow” is seen as the difference between those who changed their place of residence within the prefecture and those who moved to another prefecture.

At the same time, more than half of the persons settled in the prefecture of Tirana come from other prefectures (54.4%).

Of the group of Albanian households whose head of household was a resident in the country in 2011, 4.7 percent have changed their place of residence as a whole, while 9.4 percent have done so partly. It is estimated that out of a total of 14 percent of households, 8 percent of the population have changed their previous place of residence while staying in the country.

Kukes seems to be the prefecture with the highest percentage of the population that changes residence within the country, with 16.1 percent of the total resident population in 2011. At the same time, in terms of family structure, this prefecture had the highest percentage of internally migrating families with partial migration, at 33.9 percent. On the other hand, the percentage of entire families that have moved within the country and the total population that migrates internally is high in Dibër, Durrës, Fier, Gjirokastër, Elbasan and Korçë.

Even within the country it is seen that over 127 thousand people have moved with all their families and another 90 thousand have changed their place of residence within the country Individually.

INSTAT has noticed that in a short period of time two different dynamics of internal migratory flow have been observed: one in the period 2011-2013 and the other from 2014, when the annual internal migration flow seems to be twice as high for Individuals.
Total migration within the country is extremely high in Tirana, from where 51.9 percent of households with internal migration flows have changed their place of residence as a whole.

Except for Tirana, these above average statistics were recorded in Shkodra, Korca, Elbasan and Dibra. In these prefectures, internal migration has affected a higher number of whole families. A significant outflow of population in other areas of the country has been observed in Kukës, Fier and Dibër. In all the mentioned prefectures, the percentage of families where one member has migrated (partly migrant family) within the country was high.

/Klara Ruci/