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Sulejman Delvina, Albanian prominent patriot and politician

  • 10/7/2021 8:22 PM
Sulejman Delvina, Albanian prominent patriot and politician

The patriot, teacher, politician and activist of the national cause, Sulejman pasha Delvina, was born on October 5, 1871 in Delvina and died in Vlora, on August 1, 1933. He was a patriot and prominent Albanian politician, prime minister for the period January 30, 1920-14 November 1920 and a member of Fan Noli's government in 1924.

He completed his primary education in his hometown and his secondary education at the "Zosimea" gymnasium in Ioannina. He graduated his higher studies in Istanbul in 1898, Mylkie University. He was appointed attaché to the Ottoman MIA and later secretary in the decree office of the Prime Minister, as well as professor at the Galatasaray High School and the Vefa Gymnasium. He became the head of the section in the Ministry of Interior and the general director of the vilayets. He was one of the central figures of the Albanian club in Istanbul. Together with other patriots, he opposed the Young Turk policy and the chauvinist intentions towards Albania of the neighboring monarchies. In July 1911 he led a demonstration of Albanian students in Istanbul to support the Albanian alphabet and demands. He was one of the signatories of the call of November 18 delivered to the representations of the Great Powers in Istanbul demanding the recognition of the national rights of our people.

In April 1919, the Albanian colony in Turkey sent him to the Peace Conference in Paris, to defend on its behalf the interests of Albania and to resolve the political disputes arising among the Albanian representatives there. The projects for the partition of Albania could not be changed by the Albanian representatives headed by Delvina. However, it was the Lushnja Congress held in January 1920 that overturned all decisions taken at the Paris Peace Conference. This congress was attended by about 50 representatives from all over independent Albania, while the internationals continued with the plans for the partition of the country. The Congress also elected his government, at the head of which was elected the patriot and respected man, Sulejman Delvina.

This government ruled most of the country at that time and tried to resonate in the international arena, establishing diplomatic relations with foreign countries, provided that the territorial integrity of Albania was respected.

Afterwards, Delvina supported the fight against extremist gangs in 1920 and helped to successfully end the Vlora war against the Italian imperialist occupiers.
He also took part in the signing of the Italian-Albanian protocol dated August 2, 1920. At the age of 37, Sulejman Delvina served as Minister of Interior, July 11, 1921 until October 16, 1921. He remained in this position for 3 months and 5 days. He took part in the revolution of June 1924 and in the government headed by Fan Noli was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs, for the period from June 16, 1924 - December 23, 1924. After the failure of this revolution, Delvina left Albania and fled to Europe for several years, as a political immigrant. Later, the sick man returned to Albania and died in Vlora, in 1933. He was buried in his hometown, in a public cemetery, together with his brother another prominent patriot, the former mayor of Delvina, Namik Delvina.

/Klara Ruci/