Vangjush Mio was an Albanian impressionist painter. He was the brother of the Albanian film director and actor Sokrat Mio. Mio was born on 3 March 1891 in Korçë, Albania. In 1908 due to economic reasons he had to leave together with his brother to Bucharest, Romania. He was active member of the Albanian artist colony in the Romanian capital and in 1915 he started his studies of Fine Arts at the Bucharest National University of Arts. He successfully completed his education in 1919 and in the same year he opened his first personal exhibition in Bucharest. In 1920 he returned for a few months to his native country and exhibited his works in Korçë. This was the first art exhibition in public in the whole country. In September of the same year he went to Rome. As a great admirer of the Italian impressionists of the 19th and early 20th century, he enrolled at the Royal Academy of San Luca. However, financial problems forced him to interrupt the studies and to get back to Korçë. There he took a job as an art teacher at the French school, where he taught among other pupils the future leader of the country Enver Hoxha.
Thanks to a government scholarship, he could return to Rome and in 1924 successfully complete the studies with the graduation. After that Mio decided to return to his birthplace Korçë, which at that time was the cultural capital of Albania.
During his lifetime he participated on numerous exhibitions throughout the whole country, in 1942 even in Bari, Italy. The last exhibition organized by himself, was a retrospective of his work and took place in November 1957 in Tirana. A few days later, on 30 December 1957, Mio died in Tirana due to complications caused by jaundice.
Vangjush Mio was the first impressionist painter of Albania. He was known especially for his landscape paintings and is considered the best Albanian landscape painter of the 20th Century. His favorite subjects were the cities Korçë, Pogradec and the surrounding area, but he immortalized in his works also other cities like Tirana, Elbasan, Himarë, Berat and Gjirokastër.
Besides landscapes Mio was brilliant also in portrait painting. He had a remarkable career as a painter and produced over 400 drawings and 130 paintings within 40 years. Among 60 items of his work can be admired at the National Gallery of Figurative Arts of Albania in Tirana. Further paintings are presented by his daughter Rozeta in his 2010 renovated house in Korçë, now known as the Museum Vangjush Mio. In 1994 twenty one paintings were stolen from that museum and are still missing. An additional 27 paintings for an estimated value of 300,000 USD were reported missing in July 2012. Among the 27 missing paintings, there were some of the painter's initial works dating in the late part of the 1920s.
Vangjush Mio was honored with the title "People's Painter". In 1965 the Albanian documentary Vangjush Mio, people's painter was produced, focusing on his life and work. The cultural center of Korçë was named after him.
Since 2007, always at the end of October the Mio’s Days Festival takes place in Korça. During four days the city and the surrounding area are open studios and people can admire the paintings by artists from Albania and abroad . On the last day of the festival all the paintings are exhibited in the cultural center.
Since some years the winners of a nationwide competition of Fine Arts are awarded with the Vangjush Mio Price.